Before we get to the history of Czechoslovakia, we’ll first need to know how how it even got on the map. It would seem at first as a little random arrangement. After all Czech lands didn’t have historically much to do with Slovakia, if we don’t count brief time of Great Moravia. But that could be hardly counted as state of Czechs and Slovaks…
can we just take a moment to appreciate that Serbia has Nikola Tesla on a 100 dinar bank note and also the equation T = Wb/(m^2)
Albania to repatriate remains of former royal
Albania will repatriate the remains of its former self-proclaimed king Zog I from France, where he died in exile in 1961, government spokeswoman Erla Mehilli told AFP Wednesday.
An official burial will be held November 17 in the capital Tirana at a cemetery where other members of the royal family are already interred.
The authorities “have tasked the Albanian embassy in Paris with organising the repatriation,” Mehilli said.
In Tirana the government will organise the burial ceremony.
In December 2011 the pretender to the Albanian crown, the crown prince Leka, was given a burial “with all royal attributes” despite the fact that Albania is now a republic.
Zog ruled Albania from 1925 until 1939. He started out as president but in 1928 proclaimed a constitutional monarchy and was crowned king of the Albanians.
He fled the country in 1939 after Italy invaded. He died in exile in France aged 66 and was buried in the Thiais cemetery.
Let’s kick this back up, shall we?
Let us know what countries you want to hear more about.
This weekend I’ll try to type up some stuff from my books as well.
Keep being awesome,
The Battle of Vukovar (Bitka za Vukovar) was an 87-day siege of Vukovar in eastern Croatia by the Yugoslav People’s Army (JNA), supported by various paramilitary forces from Serbia, between August and November 1991. Before the Croatian War of Independence the Baroque town was a prosperous, mixed community of Croats, Serbs and other ethnic groups. As Yugoslavia began to break up, Serbia’s President Slobodan Milošević and Croatia’s President Franjo Tuđmanstarted to pursue nationalist politics. In 1990, an armed insurrection was started by Croatian Serb militias, supported by the Serbian government and paramilitary groups, who seized control of Serb-populated areas of Croatia. The JNA began to intervene in favour of the rebellion, and conflict broke out in the eastern Croatian region of Slavonia in May 1991. In August the JNA launched a full-scale attack against Croatian-held territory in eastern Slavonia, including Vukovar.
Vukovar was defended by around 1,800 lightly armed soldiers of the Croatian National Guard (ZNG) and civilian volunteers, against 36,000 JNA soldiers and Serbian paramilitaries equipped with heavy armour and artillery. During the battle shells and rockets were fired into the town at a rate of up to 12,000 a day. At the time it was the fiercest and most protracted battle in Europe, and Vukovar was the first major European town entirely destroyed since the Second World War. When Vukovar fell on 18 November 1991, hundreds of soldiers and civilians were massacred by Serb forces and at least 31,000 civilians were deported from the town and its surroundings. Most of Vukovar was ethnically cleansed of its non-Serb population and became part of the self-declared Republic of Serbian Krajina. Several Serb military and political officials, including Milošević, were later indicted and in some cases jailed for war crimes committed during and after the battle.
The battle exhausted the JNA and proved a turning point in the Croatian war. A ceasefire was declared a few weeks later. Vukovar remained in Serb hands until 1998 when it was peacefully reintegrated into Croatia. It has since been rebuilt but has less than half of its pre-war population and many buildings are still scarred by the battle. Its two principal ethnic communities remain deeply divided and it has not regained its former prosperity.
Happy independence day, Croatia!
Prince Peter of Yugoslavia in the arms of his grandmother, Queen Marie of Romania. 1923.
King Zog of Albania and his Sisters.
It’s August 21 in Prague, so the anniversary of the Soviet invasion. The photo comes from the cover of Svět (The World) and shows the scene in front of Czech Radio during the initial attack (at 10:35 am). In spite of the danger they were still broadcasting inside. The headlines are in Czech and Russian and simply ask “why?”
August 20th is the greatest national holiday for Hungarians, celebrated with day-long festivities followed by spectacular fireworks throughout the country. August 20th commemorates the foundation of the Hungarian state, it’s like Hungary’s 4th of July. Also called as St. Stephen’s Day, remembering Stephen I, the first king of Hungary and founder of the Kingdom of Hungary, who was canonized on August 20th, 1083 by Pope Gregory VII.
Festivities start in the morning with the raising of the Hungarian flag in Kossuth tér and continue on all day long, culminating in a spectacular fireworks display over the Danube. The main events include the procession of St. Stephen’s Holy Right Hand around the Basilica, the Court of St Stephen, a historical playhouse, archery shows, a water parade and an air show along the embankments of the river Danube. [x]